1)Flood Relief Intervention Program – Swiss Red Cross
2)Flood Relief Program-Oxfam
3)Kosi Flood Relief-Dorabji Tata Trust
4)Child Friendly Space for Disaster Affected Children-Save the Children
5)Disaster based WASH Intervention- Water Aid
6) Flood affected Rehabilitation – Nai Dune Media pvt. Ltd.
7)2008 Flood Rehabilitation – Give India Foundation
8)Flood relief – Save the Children
9) District Magistrate Fund—Aapda Prabhandan Fund
10) Flood relief program – Sir Ratan Tata Trust
Kosi Disaster – SAVE THE CHILDREN/ Dorabji Tata Trust
In the late August 2008, heavy rainfall in Nepal led the river Kosi to breach its banks in Northern Bihar. Worst area affected were Supaul, Madhepura, Araria and Purnia. Upto five millions peoples has been seriously affected by the floods.
In this situation Save the Children and Sir Dorabji Tata Trust started the relief programme. SAKHI as the Partner NGO.
Under this project SAKHI started its works in two Districts:
Araria has a total population of 16, 11,638 with rural population of 15, 09,360 and urban population of 1,02,278. Araria has a sizeable SC population of 2, 20,148 and ST population of 20,819.
Supaul has a population of 2,515,714. Male population at 647,672 and 385611 female population.
Under this project SAKHI started its work phase wise
- Family Tracing and reunification (FTR)
- Prevention of Trafficking
- Child Protection
Family Tracing and Reunification:
In this phase SAKHI concentrated itself to fill a form of missing person on by one basis in the different Governments camps and as well as private camps .But after two months when Government withdrawing their support towards the camp, this disaster became worst. People who are taking shelter in the camps are bound to back to his/her house. But due to flood their houses, properties are damaged and they have bound live in broken houses or any where.
In this continuation SAKHI also faced some problems. Now SAKHI’s volunteers did reunification work with the help of Data Base which was gathered earlier. Volunteers went to different villages, address to which they found in Data Base (Form) and matched the name of the people with their families. They prepared a list of Missing Children, Vulnerable Children and unaccompanied children of the age of 0 to 18.Sakhi also prepared case history of few children. In Supaul we did work of reunification only.
Our coverage area is
- In Araria 10 Camps
- In Supaul 17 Camps
In FTR SAKHI got result as :
- 30 of unaccompanied children restored in the family
- 35 of families reunified
80 No. of missing person registered in the camps.
Prevention of Trafficking:
SAKHI deputed its volunteers at Railway Station and Bus Stand of Supaul and Araria to prevent Trafficking. To prevent this SAKHI sensitized people through awareness in the camp as well as after camp in the village. Through this SAKHI aware number of people of the camp as well as village. In this process
- 45 of children reunified were prevented from possible Trafficking
- 50 of children reunified with their families
- 10 awareness camps organized
88 missing persons were reported and a search operation was initiated for the same.
- Better coordination between Local, National, International Agencies.
- Appreciated by IDP’s
- Children as well as Adult got self Confidence.
- Families are reunified
Child Protection post disaster
This DRR project started in 20 villages of Triveniganj Block , Supaul which are totally affected by the Flood. This project is for 2 years. In this project Sakhi targeted Children and Women that how they can protect themselves in such a crisis like Flood.Various activities were undertaken:
- Programme Activities:
- Finalized Selection of Villages:
- Select 20 villages including 10 previous villages where the Children Friendly space CFS runs.
- Formation and meeting of Child protection Committee.
- Formed Child Protection Committee with the help of Villagers, PRI Members, NM, Teachers, Aganwanwadi sevikas, Asha Workers and respected person of the villages.
- Formation and meeting of Children group
- Children meeting organized in every 20 villages in which 1400 children were participated and Groups of Children made.
- In Children’s meeting, awareness towards DRR discussed.
- Base Line Survey of 20 villages was completed
- Several meeting of children’s group was organized.
- Two meeting of CPC was organized per month month.
- Prepared local community to prevent Trafficking and Child abuse
- Prepared Village level anti human trafficking community
- Prepared Child Protection Committee
- Formation of Children Group
- Formation of Parents Group
- Offering Psycho social Care through recreational means.
- Establishment of Child Friendly Space.
- Establishment of Referral system for identified Psychologically distress
- Establishment of Referral system for vulnerable children
Disaster Preparedness- Swiss Red CROSS
Sakhi with the support of Swiss Red Cross worked on the Disaster preparedness in Andhrathari Block focussed on the community and children especially through different initiatives of life skills and awareness programs.
- Total number of Villages 31
- Approximate total population 10,000
- That includes about 25% children 15000
We sent 1 Counselor and 2 Volunteers each to each of the Panchayat
For children we focused on play therapy and art therapy
- Rubber Rings
- Cricket Bat
- Skipping ropes
Painting papers and sketch pens.
For play mostly the group games were focused .Apart from this the children were encouraged to local games like kabbadi, hide and seek.
In Painting children were deliberately not given any theme. They were asked to paint whatever they felt like. Care was taken that there was no outside interference imposed upon them by their parents or by the teacher’s and this was done to understand their psyche.
LIFE SKILL SESSIONS:
According to the PSS data chart we were supposed to give life skills sessions to 15+ age group but we gave life skills sessions to all age groups where ever found necessary. Only those life skills which were exclusively found necessary for 15 + age group were given to that age group. We chose those life skills which were appropriate for a particular area at that point of time.
Topics chosen for life skill sessions:
- To keep hands and feet clean
- To cut nails
- Washing hands before eating and after toilet
Keeping food covered
If you keep yourself physically fit you will lead a happy life
- Keeping the environment clean
- Love and Harmony among communities
- Stop Violence against children and keep children away from violent activity
- People of all age groups were asked to involve themselves in some sort spiritual activities like satang etc
- If you don’t get clean potable water boils it before drinking.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating
- Informed about benefits of family planning and urged to keep family small
- 15+ girls and women were educated about menstrual hygiene by lady counselors and volunteers.
- Educated about Trafficking
- Explained how trafficking takes place
- Role of Middle men
- Consequences of Trafficking
- Prevention and Measures
- Support system at place.
Save the Children—Child Friendly Space post disaster
After Kosi Disaster when the flood water came down the people of the village started their daily routine work like they started cutting bamboo to construct their house and so on. But here, the women and especially the children were not ready to flush the disaster trauma from their memory. Ihad badly traumatised the innocent minds.
To divert their mind from the disaster, Sakhi took initiative and Started to work with the support of Save the Children as Child Friendly Space i.e. CFS.
We prepared a bamboo house in 20 places of Triveniganj Block which are fully equipped with playing materials for children.
All the 12 CFS’s are equipped with play materials. CFS’s started the Registration of the children. Children have started using play materials and CFS space. Activities started to pick up. As instructed by Save the Children official’s children are using whatever play materials they want. No distinction has been made according to which children from particular age group could use any particular sports material. During school hours only those children who are not registered in any school or are drop outs or are not going to school are involved in the activity during the school hours. Rest or the children are participating after school hour or during lunch recess.
At the moment we are concentrating on children getting familiarized with the recreational materials which they did not have the opportunity to find, see or play.
Geographical area of intervention:
GPs: Naruar, Lohna North and Lohna South
- Response programme progress:
- Identification of the warehouse.
- Survey of the panchayats
- Identification of the distribution point.
- Identification of the targeted beneficiary (2000 beneficiary).
- Distribution plan prepared by the FS.
- Distribution of the beneficiary card.
- Distribution of the relief package, 1stday to 1000 beneficiaries and 2ndday to 1000 beneficiaries. (Total 2000 beneficiary).
- Formation of the village committee.
- Orientation to the village committee and volunteers on public health like hand washing practices, how to store food and water, use of halogen tablet, precaution against diaohorria, malaria.
- Distribution of the halogen tablets to the beneficiary of the three panchayat.
- Door to door visit in the community by the village committee and advocacy on the public health related issues.
- Weekly plan by the PHP for the public health work.
- Identification of the place where hand pump to be installed, hand pump needs repairing and hand pump needs cleaning.
- Distribution of the relief material.– Relief material was distributed in two phases
- In 1stphase food kit was distributed to 2000 beneficiary.
- In 2ndphase hygiene kit and shelter kit distributed to 2000 beneficiary.
- In the 2ndphase additional food kit distributed to pregnant and lactating women.
- Public health promotion work; –
- Village cleanliness campaign in the flood affected areas of the three panchayat keeping in mind the places of open defecation, water logged areas.(liming)
- Awareness generation in the village about the cause of diarrheia, malaria, hand cleaning practices.
- Awareness generation in the community about the use of geolene, ors packet, disposal of waste etc.
- Wall panting in the villages.
- Door to door visit in the community to create awareness regarding sanitation practice.
- Public health construction work:-
- Four community female latrine constructed.
- Three community female bathroom.
- Four hand pump raised in the community.
Apart from the activity of the programme we started the work in the three panchayat earlier at the beginning of the flood. We have done the rescue work on the request of the Administration.
After the rescue we find that the community does not have the facility for fooding, so we started the Khichri programme in the three panchayat at five places.
1) Food kit distributed to 2000 beneficiary.
- Health, hygiene and shelter kit distributed to 2000 beneficiary.
- Public health promotion work done in the community.
- Public health construction work done in the community.
- People get quality food according to the calorie intake requirement on time.
- Only two cases of diaorhea recorded in the three panchayat no cases of any other water borne disease.
- Community is aware regarding the hand washing practices and other sanitational practices.
- People start using the latrine, bathroom and raised hand pumps. And the cases of open defication are reducing.
- People start constructing latrine in their own household.
- Base Line Survey conducted
- Meetings at Rakhwari, Harri, Madnawith 250 members from the community
- Vermi compost Support between selected 50 small farmers
- Two pit Support in Rakhwari and Madna
- Wheat and Lentil seeds suuport in Rakhwari, Bhaduar, Karanpur, Usrar, Madan Patti and Bhagwatipur. Total beneficiaries are 128 families and total whets support 2500 kg and Lentil 500 kg.
- Vegetable Seeds distributed in Bhaduar, Jamaila and Belha between 81 vegetable farmers
- 10 beneficiaries visited to RAU, Pusa, samastipur for Exposure
Regular Program (RBP)
- 1000 of peoples were awared regarding NRGS Program
- Documentation completed in each VDPC
- 25 families are benefited and aware about Vermi preparation
- 5 Tube-well were raised at Jamail, Bhagwatipur, Madna, Nav-Nagar and Sisauni and 250 families are benefited from Tube-well
- 7 Boat has been distributed at Rakhwari, Belha, Maran, Bhaduar, Usras, Madna, Madanpatti within VDPC and approx 4000 families were benefited
- 36 families were raised our house at Jamaila, Dhangartola, Sisauni, Batsara.
- We organized Training on Public Health for 50 participant
- We organized Block Level Workshop on Health and Hygiene issue and 50 participant were benefited
- We organized two-village cleanliness campaign at Madna and Madanpatti. Villagers and VDPC Members also participated in this event.
- Reducing of Diarrhea case in community
- Awareness in the society about the vaccination and proper health facilities.
- Decrease in infant death and death during delivery.
- Decreasing in IMR, MMR cases and human trafficking
Pond Re-Excavation and Exposure visit post disaster
- Exposure visits of 10 VDPC Members to BISFI Block for adopting and observing the organic farming and other skill of VDPC
- Pond Re-excavation was done in Rakhwari Village for irrigation of 50 acres. Land and total 500 farmers were benefited from this pond
Tree Plantation for preventing flood
Activity were Done
- Base Line Survey were conducted
- Distribution of Tree Plant between selected beneficiaries
- Regular meeting with Beneficiaries and Change-maker
- Distribution of Tree-planting maintenance book to the beneficiaries
- All Maintenance of Tree Planting book were completed and continuing
- Special “Bamboo Doll” distributed between all selected beneficiaries as a model.
FLOOD Preparedness – WATER AID
When the flood hit in 2012 in madhubani, Water Aid was already working with us on its core vertical programs of WASH. As part of its extended service it became a part of the relief program and supported the community of Madhepur and with certain relief activities. The issue of safe drinking water was realized as a major component as when the flood hits the water doesn’t remain fit for drinking and gets highly polluted. In this direction water aid introduced a safe drinking water Technology called Zimba water Filter. This technology worked on chlorification of the water. This Filter is supposed to be attached with the handpump of a raised platform. This technology worked by filtering the water everytime one pumps out the water. Thus providing with only clean and safe water fit for consumption. This technology was installed in 3 villages of Madhepur.
At the same time 10 other raised platform handpumps were installed. Two toilets for the Disabled were installed. Awareness regarding safe hygiene practices during disaster were made.
District Magistrate Aapda Pabhandhan fund
During the flood of 2008, the organization was already carrying out its activities at many panchayats of various Districts, looking at the good work being carried out, the District magistrate reached out to the organization to extend its support in Darbhanga District as well. The organization in its full capacity, knowledge base and experience enthusiastically took up the assignment and carried out the challenging task of Rescue and operation in the Darbhanga district supported by District Fund.
The major activities undertaken were:
- Rescue operation in 3 blocks with the help of boats.
- Providing food packages to the flood affected areas.
- Providing dry rations and essentials.
- Providing medical assistance
- Providing sanitation/hygiene kit to the women and adolescent girls.
- Providing clothe items to the needy
- Providing emotional support through counselling.
Flood relief Nai Duniya pvt. Ltd.
The flood in 2008 had been severely devastating. It required a lot of support from whatever source possible and so the organization received the support from Nai Duniya pvt ltd which aimed at providing relief to the victims of Trivenigunj block, Supaul. With the support of Nai Duniya we were able to help 1000 households with Dry ration and other essentials required as per the need. Apart from this the organization also started a ‘KHICHDI program’ in which everyday Khichdi was being prepared for the victims who were rendered homeless and were resourceless. This program truly helped in sustaining the community and saving them from malnourishment especially women and children.